There are various kinds of migration. They depend on the following:
- the flow,
- the number of people involved,
- the reasons for their movement,
- the time they spend in migration, and lastly
- the nature of that migration.
Let us try to identify the basic types of migration:
- Internal Migration – It is the moving within a state, country, or continent.
- External Migration – It is the moving in a different state, country, or continent.
- Emigration – It is the leaving of one’s country to move to another. (Ex. Leaving Philippines for United States)
- Immigration – It is the moving in from a country to a new one. (See what is migration?)
- Population Transfer – It is when a government pushed or forces a large group of people out of a country or region. This is usually based on ethnicity or religion. It is also otherwise known as an forced migration or involuntary migration.
- Impelled Migration – It is also called an imposed migration or reluctant migration. A group of people or an individual leaves a country or region because of unfavorable situations due to political, religious, social factors.
- Step Migration – It is a progressive step by step migration from a shorter distance to a rather farther destination in the end. (Ex. from city to province to capital to abroad, out of the country.)
- Chain Migration – It is a series or connection of migration within a family or a defined group of people like ethnicity. It begins with one individual who brings in other family members after sometime. (Ex. Chinatowns)
- Intercontinental – It is the movement of people between continents. (ex. Philippines to United States)
- Intra-continental -It is the movement of people between countries on a given continent. (ex. Philippines to Singapore)
- Interregional – It is the movement of people within countries. It is domestic in nature that is migration from rural to urban and vice versa. This is usually the movement of people from the countryside to cities in search of opportunities. (Ex. Cebu Philippines to Manila Philippines)
- Rural-Urban Migration: It is usually an interregional migration with a specific origin that is from the countrysides or rural areas to a specific destinations which is the urban areas of the country. The purpose is usually to find a greener pasture or to find better opportunities to make money. (ex. Argao to Cebu City)
- Seasonal Migration – This is usually due to climate or planting reasons. People in the past move from one place to another for the purpose of crop planting and harvesting. At present, people move from one place to the other because of climate. Some retirees move from one place to the other during winter season.
- Return Migration – Some people returns to the country or place of origin after outliving the reasons for which they left in the first place. Many young Filipinos move to United States to find a better place to earn a living. Ultimately as they retire, they sometimes tend to retire in the Philippines because of their attachments to family and friends perhaps.
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