We often travel and visit other countries; yet little do we know about the bureau that makes things convenient for us.
What is the immigration regulatory and control body of the Philippines?
The short answer to the long question is The Bureau of Immigration. It is the immigration regulatory and control body of the Philippines.
When was the Bureau of Immigration established?
The Philippine Immigration Act established the Bureau of Immigration in 1940. However, there was a predecessor agency that had existed as part of the Bureau of Customs since 1899.
What are the functions of the Bureau of Immigration?
- The Bureau of Immigration acts as the primary enforcement arm of the Department of Justice and the President of the Philippines — which is to ensure that all foreigners within its territorial jurisdiction comply with existing laws;
- It assists local and international law enforcement agencies in securing the tranquility of the state against foreigners whose presence or stay are deemed threats to national security, public safety, public morals and public health and;
- Acts as chief repository of all immigration records pertaining to entry, temporary sojourn, admission, residence and departure of all foreigners in the country.
Visit the official website to see other specific functions of the bureau: www.immigration.gov.ph
The Bureau of Immigration has an academy located in Clark, Pampanga. The Philippine Immigration Academy serves as the training ground for the soon-to-be immigration officers.
What is need to be become an immigration officer?
Applicants must be a 1) graduate of any four-year course, 2) must be Civil Service Eligible, 3) and must train in the Philippine Immigration Academy.
Can you give me a brief history of the Bureau of Immigration?
Here are the highlights:
- Started as a division of the Bureau of Customs during the American regime in 1899.
- In 1937, the Bureau of Immigration was transferred as a division of the Bureau of Labor. This was in response to the arrival of Chinese nationals, who owned and operated stores and restaurants in the country.
- On January 22, 1940, the Second National Assembly of the Philippine Commonwealth enacted the Philippine Immigration Act of 1940 (Commonwealth Act No. 613). The President of the United States of America signed it into law on September 3, 1940 — therefore creating the Bureau of Immigration under the administrative supervision of the Office of the President.
- For a very short while, it became an attached agency of the Department of Justice, then returned to the Office of the President.
- After the war, in 1945, the bureau was placed back under the supervision and control of the Department of Labor.
- In 1948, the Bureau was again reverted to the jurisdiction of the Department of Justice.
- On December 31, 1972, the Bureau of Immigration was changed to Commission on Immigration and Deportation. This was during the martial law period.
- On July 25, 1987, President Corazon C. Aquino signed Executive order No. 292. It is also known as the Administrative Code of 1987. The order renamed the office, Bureau of Immigration. Its head of office still remains to be called commissioner as provided under DOJ.
To the officers of the Bureau of Immigration, we salute you for protecting our country against unwanted aliens.
Photo by wellingtonstravel